Soybean photosynthesis and crop yield are improved by accelerating recovery from photoprotection

De Souza, Amanda P. and Burgess, Steven J. and Doran, Lynn and Hansen, Jeffrey and Manukyan, Lusya and Maryn, Nina and Gotarkar, Dhananjay and Leonelli, Lauriebeth and Niyogi, Krishna K. and Long, Stephen P. (2022) Soybean photosynthesis and crop yield are improved by accelerating recovery from photoprotection. Science, 377 (6608). pp. 851-854. ISSN 0036-8075

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Abstract

Crop leaves in full sunlight dissipate damaging excess absorbed light energy as heat. This protective dissipation continues after the leaf transitions to shade, reducing crop photosynthesis. A bioengineered acceleration of this adjustment increased photosynthetic efficiency and biomass in tobacco in the field. But could that also translate to increased yield in a food crop? Here we bioengineered the same change into soybean. In replicated field trials, photosynthetic efficiency in fluctuating light was higher and seed yield in five independent transformation events increased by up to 33%. Despite increased seed quantity, seed protein and oil content were unaltered. This validates increasing photosynthetic efficiency as a much needed strategy toward sustainably increasing crop yield in support of future global food security.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Science
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1000
Subjects:
?? multidisciplinarygeneral ??
ID Code:
190052
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
30 Mar 2023 12:50
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2024 22:57