Collaboration in Recall: Do Pairs of People Cross-cue Each Other to Produce New Memories?

Meudell, P. R. and Hitch, G. J. and Boyle, M. (1995) Collaboration in Recall: Do Pairs of People Cross-cue Each Other to Produce New Memories? The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 48 (1). pp. 141-152. ISSN 1747-0218

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When people collaborate over their recall of a shared experience, it might be expected that they could “cross-cue” each other so as to produce new memories not available to either member of the pair on their own. In a previous series of experiments (Meudell et al., 1992), we found that pairs of people always recalled more than one person, but we failed to show that social interaction facilitated performance so as to produce such “emergent” new memories. However, a phenomenon akin to cross-cuing was employed by Tulving and Pearlstone (1966) in their classic study of the availability and accessibility of memories; accordingly, in this study, we repeated Tulving and Pearlstone's work directly in a social context. So as to assess whether new memories emerged in collaborating pairs, a sequential design was employed. People learned categorized lists of words, and then all the subjects recalled the items strictly on their own. Subjects then recalled again in pairs (collaboratively) or once more on their own. The results showed that even when the opportunity for cross-cuing was directly manipulated through the provision of categorized lists, no additional new memories emerged in the collaborating groups. Possible mechanisms for the results are considered.

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Journal Article
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The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
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06 Nov 2008 16:05
Last Modified:
21 Nov 2022 18:27