Measurement of isotopic separation of argon with the prototype of the cryogenic distillation plant Aria for dark matter searches

Collaboration, The DarkSide-20k and Franchini, Paolo and Nowak, Jaroslaw (2023) Measurement of isotopic separation of argon with the prototype of the cryogenic distillation plant Aria for dark matter searches. European Physical Journal C, 83 (5): 453.

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Abstract

The Aria cryogenic distillation plant, located in Sardinia, Italy, is a key component of the DarkSide-20k experimental program for WIMP dark matter searches at the INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Italy. Aria is designed to purify the argon, extracted from underground wells in Colorado, USA, and used as the DarkSide-20k target material, to detector-grade quality. In this paper, we report the first measurement of argon isotopic separation by distillation with the 26 m tall Aria prototype. We discuss the measurement of the operating parameters of the column and the observation of the simultaneous separation of the three stable argon isotopes: 36Ar, 38Ar, and 40Ar. We also provide a detailed comparison of the experimental results with commercial process simulation software. This measurement of isotopic separation of argon is a significant achievement for the project, building on the success of the initial demonstration of isotopic separation of nitrogen using the same equipment in 2019.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
European Physical Journal C
Subjects:
?? physics.ins-detastro-ph.im ??
ID Code:
189704
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
27 Mar 2023 14:20
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2024 23:30