Beyond Banks : A Case for Interagency Collaboration to Combat Trade-based Money Laundering in Africa

Azinge, Nkechikwu (2023) Beyond Banks : A Case for Interagency Collaboration to Combat Trade-based Money Laundering in Africa. African Journal of Legal Studies, 15 (1). pp. 38-68. ISSN 2210-9730

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Regulation regarding trade-based money laundering (TBML) has focused mainly on documentary trade financing arrangements, which are bank intermediated. Yet, African countries predominantly employ alternative forms of trade financing models that span beyond banks’ usual purview. These alternative models are supported by many actors across the supply chain that are not holistically supervised given the fragmented regulatory framework at the global and domestic levels. In contending that TBML significantly undermines intra-African trade and therefore amounts to a non-tariff barrier (NTB) to trade, this article challenges the need for globally transplanted solutions to address TBML. Rather, it argues for the introduction of new approach: a country focused experimental legislation that facilitates inter-agency collaboration beyond banks. This approach would ensure a homegrown, responsive, and legitimate framework that encompasses currently un-supervised actors. It contends that if the experimental legislation works at a country level, it may then be cascaded to the African Union level for contextual adaptability across other African countries.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
African Journal of Legal Studies
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? trade financingtrade-based money launderingnon-tariff barrier to tradelawsociology and political sciencepolitical science and international relations ??
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Deposited On:
16 Feb 2023 16:00
Last Modified:
19 Feb 2024 00:46