Joint optimization of bimodal transit networks in a heterogeneous environment considering vehicle emissions

Yang, Yi and Jiang, Xinguo and Yan, Yusong and Liu, Tao and Jiang, Yu (2022) Joint optimization of bimodal transit networks in a heterogeneous environment considering vehicle emissions. Journal of Cleaner Production, 373: 133859. ISSN 0959-6526

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The paper proposes a continuum approximation-based optimization model, considering vehicle emissions, to jointly optimize a bimodal transit network service in a heterogeneous environment where the passenger demand is not uniformly distributed over space and time. Correspondingly, the designed transit service characteristics, including the spacing of lines and stations, line headways and lengths, may vary over space and time to better cater for variable passenger demands. A successive substitution solution approach and an endpoint method are employed to generate an optimal solution. Experiments are conducted to illustrate the properties of the model and validate the solution methods. The results indicate that a trunk-feeder bimodal transit network is preferable under a higher-level heterogeneous demand. A rail-bus system is much more desirable compared to a bus rapid transit (BRT)-bus bimodal system in a larger and more developed city. Another interesting finding is that the scale of at-stop emission cost reduction is significantly larger than that of inter-stop emission. Compared to the conventional bimodal transit network design models without accounting for vehicle emissions, the incorporation of an emission factor into the optimization model can reduce both the total system and emission costs, which consequently achieves a more sustainable bimodal transit system.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Cleaner Production
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? bimodal transitcontinuum approximationfeeder buspublic transitvehicle emissionrenewable energy, sustainability and the environmentbuilding and constructiongeneral environmental sciencestrategy and managementindustrial and manufacturing engineeringenvironm ??
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Deposited On:
13 Feb 2023 11:35
Last Modified:
16 Jul 2024 12:00