Observation of Kondo condensation in a degenerately doped silicon metal

Im, Hyunsik and Lee, Dong Uk and Jo, Yongcheol and Kim, Jongmin and Chong, Yonuk and Song, Woon and Kim, Hyungsang and Kim, Eun Kyu and Yuk, Taewon and Sin, Sang-Jin and Moon, Soonjae and Prance, Jonathan and Pashkin, Yuri and Tsai, Jaw-Shen (2023) Observation of Kondo condensation in a degenerately doped silicon metal. Nature Physics, 19 (5). pp. 676-681. ISSN 1745-2473

[thumbnail of s41567-022-01930-3]
Text (s41567-022-01930-3)
s41567_022_01930_3.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB)


When a magnetic moment is embedded in a metal, it captures nearby itinerant electrons to form a so-called Kondo cloud. When magnetic impurities are sufficiently dense that their individual clouds overlap with each other they are expected to form a correlated electronic ground state. This is known as Kondo condensation and can be considered a magnetic version of Bardeen–Cooper–Schrieffer pair formation. Here, we examine this phenomenon by performing electrical transport and high-precision tunnelling density-of-states spectroscopy measurements in a highly P-doped crystalline silicon metal in which disorder-induced localized magnetic moments exist. We detect the Kondo effect in the resistivity of the Si metal at temperatures below 2 K and an unusual pseudogap in the density of states with gap edge peaks below 100 mK. The pseudogap and peaks are tuned by applying an external magnetic field and transformed into a metallic Altshuler–Aronov gap associated with a paramagnetic disordered Fermi liquid phase. We interpret these observations as evidence of Kondo condensation followed by a transition to a disordered Fermi liquid.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Nature Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? physics and astronomy(all) ??
ID Code:
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
07 Feb 2023 16:00
Last Modified:
07 Jun 2024 01:49