Novel MOF-808 metal-organic framework as highly efficient adsorbent of perfluorooctane sulfonate in water

Chang, Po-Hsiang and Chen, Chien-Yen and Mukhopadhyay, Raj and Chen, Wenhua and Tzou, Yu-Min and Sarkar, Binoy (2022) Novel MOF-808 metal-organic framework as highly efficient adsorbent of perfluorooctane sulfonate in water. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 623. pp. 627-636. ISSN 1095-7103

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Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is a highly persistent contaminant of emerging concern causing harmful effects to human and ecosystem health. In this study, a novel MOF-808 metal-organic framework (MOF) was prepared and evaluated for adsorptive removal of PFOS from aqueous solution. The MOF-808 had high specific surface area (SSA; 1610 m 2/g) and was structurally stable in aqueous medium for 7 days under different pH conditions. The MOF-808 reached PFOS adsorption equilibrium within 30 min (at 500 mg/L initial PFOS) and attained the maximum adsorption capacity of 939 mg/g at pH 4.1 - 5.4 (with 50 - 500 mg/L initial PFOS). The PFOS adsorption capacity of MOF-808 was unaffected at pH 2 to 7, but gradually decreased at pH > 7. High SSA, favorable pore size and abundant active adsorption sites on MOF-808 triggered high PFOS adsorption onto the adsorbent. The PFOS adsorption process was endothermic and spontaneous in nature. Electrostatic interaction between the cationic central cluster ([Zr 6O 4(OH) 4] 12+) of MOF-808 and PFOS anion was identified as the key mechanism of PFOS adsorption onto MOF-808, as evident from the infrared spectroscopic investigation of the adsorbent. This study suggests that MOF-808 can be considered as a highly efficient adsorbent for PFOS removal from water and warrants future research to evaluate the application and performance of the material under wastewater conditions.

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Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
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16 Jan 2023 15:10
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16 Jan 2023 15:10