Evolution of light absorption properties during photochemical aging of straw open burning aerosols

Fang, Zheng and Deng, Wei and Wang, Xinming and He, Quanfu and Zhang, Yanli and Hu, Weiwei and Song, Wei and Zhu, Ming and Lowther, Scott and Wang, Zhaoyi and Fu, Xuewei and Hu, Qihou and Bi, Xinhui and George, Christian and Rudich, Yinon (2022) Evolution of light absorption properties during photochemical aging of straw open burning aerosols. Science of the Total Environment, 838 (3). ISSN 0048-9697

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Straw burning comprises more than 30% of all types of burned biomass in Asia, while the estimation of the emitted aerosols' direct radiative forcing effect suffers from large uncertainties, especially when atmospheric aging processes are considered. In this study, the light absorption properties of primary and aged straw burning aerosols in open fire were characterized at 7 wavelengths ranging from 370 nm to 950 nm in a chamber. The primary rice, corn and wheat straw burning bulk aerosols together had a mass absorption efficiency (MAE) of 2.43 ± 1.36 m2 g-1 at 520 nm and an absorption Ångström exponent (AAE) of 1.93 ± 0.71, while the primary sorghum straw burning bulk aerosols were characterized by a relatively lower MAE of 0.95 ± 0.54 m2 g-1 and a higher AAE of 4.80 ± 0.68. Both the MAE and AAE of primary aerosols can be well parameterized by the (PM-BC)/BC ratio (in wt.). The MAE of black carbon (BC) increased by 11-190% during photoreactions equivalent to 16-60 h of atmospheric aging, which was positively correlated with the (PM-BC)/(BC) ratio. The MAE of organic aerosols first slightly increased or leveled off, and then decreased. Specifically, at 370 nm, the first growth/plateau stage lasted until OH exposure reached 0.47-1.29 × 1011 molecule cm-3 s, and the following period exhibited decay rates of 1.0-2.8 × 10-12 cm3 molecule-1 s-1 against the OH radical, corresponding to half-lives of 46-134 h in a typical ambient condition. During photoreactions, competition among the lensing effect, growth/bleach of organic chromophores, and particle mass and size growth complicated the evolution of the direct radiative forcing effect. It is concluded that rice and corn straw burning aerosols maintained a warming effect after aging, while the cooling effect of fresh sorghum straw burning aerosols increased with aging.

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Science of the Total Environment
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13 Jan 2023 14:50
Last Modified:
15 Sep 2023 04:41