Design and Fabrication of E-band Traveling Wave Tube for High Data Rate Wireless Links

Paoloni, Claudio and Basu, Rupa and Narasimhan, Purushothaman and Gates, Jonathan and Letizia, Rosa (2023) Design and Fabrication of E-band Traveling Wave Tube for High Data Rate Wireless Links. IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 70 (6). pp. 2773-2779. ISSN 0018-9383

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E-band (71 - 76 GHz and 81 - 86 GHz) is widely used for wireless point to point links with a few Gigabit/second data rate. E-band front-ends are powered by solid state amplifiers with about 1 W output power per module. This level of output power limits range and spectral efficiency in rain condition and has to be compensated by high gain antennas or backup low frequency links with reduced capacity. The availability of tens of Watts of transmission power would allow higher spectral efficiency and long range, and the use of lower gain antennas for multibeam and area coverage. Millimeter wave Traveling Wave Tubes (TWTs) are gaining inter- est due to their higher power, more than one order of magnitude, in comparison to solid state devices. Helix TWTs, typically built at microwaves, are very arduous to fabricate due to the extremely small diameter of an helix at E-band. This paper reports the design and fabrication of the first ever E- band TWT based on a full metal slow wave structure, the double corrugated waveguide. The TWT is designed to provide about 70 W power and more than 35 dB gain in the 71 - 76 GHz band. A test TWT using a single section interaction structure is in the final assembly phase as proof of concept with about 2 W output power. The E-band TWT performance will open new perspectives in the availability of long range wireless links with multi-Gb/s data rate needed for enabling 5G and 6G new networks.

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IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
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13 Jan 2023 13:20
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14 Jun 2024 01:30