Single and triple insulator Metal-Insulator-Metal diodes for infrared rectennas

Tekin, Serdar B. and Weerakkody, A.D. and Sedghi, N. and Hall, Stephen and Werner, M. and Wrench, J. S. and Chalker, P.R. and Mitrovic, I.Z. (2021) Single and triple insulator Metal-Insulator-Metal diodes for infrared rectennas. Solid-State Electronics, 185. ISSN 0038-1101

Full text not available from this repository.


Tunnel-barrier rectifiers comprising single and triple insulator configurations have been fabricated by atomic layer deposition (ALD) to investigate the insulator (Al 2O 3, Ta 2O 5, Nb 2O 5) layer quality and rectification performance for inclusion in rectenna arrays for infrared energy harvesting. ALD has provided superior control of nanometer film thickness (1–3 nm) as well as insulator film quality as tunneling has been found to be the dominant conduction mechanism for all fabricated devices. The key rectifier properties, such as asymmetry, non-linearity, responsivity and dynamic resistance have been assessed from current-voltage (I-V) measurements. The Au/Al 2O 3/Ti diode exhibits zero bias responsivity of −0.6 A/W, showing that it can be used for energy harvesting applications without the aid of external bias. The effect of resonant tunneling on rectification performance of triple insulator non-cascaded (Ta 2O 5/Nb 2O 5/Al 2O 3) and cascaded (Nb 2O 5/Ta 2O 5/Al 2O 3) rectifiers has been observed from experimental I-V characteristics and substantiated by theoretical simulations. Superior low-voltage asymmetry (6 at 0.1 V) and responsivity (4.3 A/W at 0.35 V) for triple insulator MI 3M rectifiers have been observed. The resonant tunneling does not provide enhanced rectification at low bias as previously reported, rather it has much smaller effect. The latter indicates that dissimilar metal electrodes rectifier configurations are more promising for inclusion in optical rectenna.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Solid-State Electronics
Uncontrolled Keywords:
ID Code:
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
12 Jan 2023 16:30
Last Modified:
12 Jan 2023 16:30