Review of Smart City Energy Modeling in Southeast Asia

Shafiullah, Md and Rahman, Saidur and Imteyaz, Binash and Aroua, Mohamed Kheireddine and Hossain, Md Ismail and Rahman, Syed Masiur (2022) Review of Smart City Energy Modeling in Southeast Asia. Smart Cities, 6 (1). pp. 72-99. ISSN 2624-6511

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Abstract

The Southeast Asian region has been eagerly exploring the concepts of smart city initiatives in recent years due to the enormous opportunities and potential. The initiatives are in line with their plan to promote energy efficiency, phase down/out fossil fuel-based generation, and reduce greenhouse gas emission intensity and electrification of various sectors in addition to renewable energy targets and policies to achieve net zero emissions by 2050 or 2060. However, the major challenges for these countries are related to leadership, governance, citizen support, investment, human capacity, smart device heterogeneity, and efficient modeling and management of resources, especially the energy systems. An intelligent energy system is one of the most significant components for any functional smart city, where artificial intelligence (AI), the internet of things (IoT), and big data are expected to tackle various existing and evolving challenges. This article starts with a brief discussion of smart city concepts and implementation challenges. Then, it identifies different types of smart city initiatives in Southeast Asian countries focusing on energy systems. In addition, the article investigates the status of smart systems in energy generation and storage, infrastructure, and model development. It identifies the unique challenges of these countries in implementing smart energy systems. It critically reviews many available energy modeling approaches and addresses their limitations and strengths, focusing on the region. Moreover, it also provides a preliminary framework for a successful energy system that exploits AI, IoT, and big data. Finally, the roadmap for a successful energy system requires appropriate policy development, innovative technological solutions, human capacity building, and enhancement of the effectiveness of current energy systems.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Smart Cities
Subjects:
ID Code:
183438
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
12 Jan 2023 17:00
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
12 Jan 2023 17:00