On the similarities of representations in artificial and brain neural networks for speech recognition

Wingfield, Cai and Zhang, Chao and Devereux, Barry and Fonteneau, Elisabeth and Thwaites, Andrew and Liu, Xunying and Woodland, Phil and Marslen-Wilson, William and Su, Li (2022) On the similarities of representations in artificial and brain neural networks for speech recognition. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience, 16. ISSN 1662-5188

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Introduction: In recent years, machines powered by deep learning have achieved near-human levels of performance in speech recognition. The fields of artificial intelligence and cognitive neuroscience have finally reached a similar level of performance, despite their huge differences in implementation, and so deep learning models can—in principle—serve as candidates for mechanistic models of the human auditory system. Methods: Utilizing high-performance automatic speech recognition systems, and advanced non-invasive human neuroimaging technology such as magnetoencephalography and multivariate pattern-information analysis, the current study aimed to relate machine-learned representations of speech to recorded human brain representations of the same speech. Results: In one direction, we found a quasi-hierarchical functional organization in human auditory cortex qualitatively matched with the hidden layers of deep artificial neural networks trained as part of an automatic speech recognizer. In the reverse direction, we modified the hidden layer organization of the artificial neural network based on neural activation patterns in human brains. The result was a substantial improvement in word recognition accuracy and learned speech representations. Discussion: We have demonstrated that artificial and brain neural networks can be mutually informative in the domain of speech recognition.

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Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
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11 Jan 2023 09:20
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11 Jan 2023 09:20