Cross-border environmental regulation and firm labor demand

Chakraborty, P. and Chakrabarti, A.S. and Chatterjee, C. (2022) Cross-border environmental regulation and firm labor demand. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management. ISSN 0095-0696 (In Press)

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In 1994, due to environmental concerns, Germany banned a chemical called ‘Azo-dyes’, a primary input for the leather and textiles firms in India (a key exporter). Exploiting this as a quasi-natural experiment, we examine the effects of this cross-border regulatory change on labor compensation, particularly managerial, for both Indian upstream (dye-producing) and downstream (leather and textile) firms. We find that the regulation increased compensation of managers by 1.3%–18% in dye-producing firms compared to other chemical firms. This is due to the combination of changes such as investing in R&D, product churning, import of high-quality intermediates, due to the ban, which led to this change in within-firm labor composition. This increase in overall compensation is driven only by fixed component (wages), consistent with the effects of a long-run shock. We find no such effects for downstream firms. We believe, our study is one of the first to show that just like tariff, non-tariff barriers (NTBs) can also significantly affect within-firm labor composition.

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Journal Article
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Journal of Environmental Economics and Management
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Deposited On:
19 Dec 2022 13:50
In Press
Last Modified:
19 Dec 2022 13:50