Penalty shootouts : Are estimates on the spot?

Jackson, J. (2022) Penalty shootouts : Are estimates on the spot? Significance, 19 (6). pp. 10-13. ISSN 1740-9705

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James Jackson analyses England's painful defeat against Italy in the 2020 Euros. Could a more statistically rigorous approach to picking penalty takers have led to a different result?

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This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Jackson, J. (2022), Penalty shootouts: Are estimates on the spot?. Significance, 19: 10-13. which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
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21 Dec 2022 12:55
Last Modified:
08 Dec 2023 01:45