Prevalence of Pathogenic Leptospira spp. in Non-Volant Small Mammals of Hutan Lipur Sekayu, Terengganu, Malaysia

Shafie, Nur Juliani and Halim, Najma Syahmin Abdul and Awoniyi, Adedayo Michael and Zalipah, Mohamed Nor and Md-Nor, Shukor and Nazri, Mohd Ulul Ilmie Ahmad and Costa, Federico (2022) Prevalence of Pathogenic Leptospira spp. in Non-Volant Small Mammals of Hutan Lipur Sekayu, Terengganu, Malaysia. Pathogens, 11 (11). ISSN 2076-0817

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Abstract

Leptospirosis is an important zoonotic disease that is transmitted worldwide through infected small mammals such as rodents. In Malaysia, there is a paucity of information on the animal reservoirs that are responsible for leptospirosis transmission, with only a few studies focusing on leptospirosis risk in recreational areas. Therefore, in this study we characterized the species composition and the prevalence of pathogenic Leptospira spp. in non-volant small mammals of Hutan Lipur Sekayu, Terengganu. We performed ten trapping sessions totaling 3000 trappings between September 2019 and October 2020. Kidney samples from captured individuals were extracted for the PCR detection of pathogenic Leptospira spp. Overall, we captured 45 individuals from 8 species (1.56% successful trapping effort), with 9 individuals testing positive for pathogenic Leptospira, that is, a 20% (n = 9/45) prevalence rate. Rattus tiomanicus (n = 22) was the most dominant captured species and had the highest positive individual with pathogenic Leptospira (44.4%, n = 4/9). Despite the low successful trapping effort in this study, the results show the high diversity of non-volant small mammals in Hutan Lipur Sekayu, and that they could also maintain and transmit pathogenic Leptospira.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Pathogens
Subjects:
ID Code:
181157
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
10 Jan 2023 17:00
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
10 Jan 2023 17:05