Improving crop yield potential: Underlying biological processes and future prospects

Burgess, Alexandra J. and Masclaux‐Daubresse, Céline and Strittmatter, Günter and Weber, Andreas P. M. and Taylor, Samuel Harry and Harbinson, Jeremy and Yin, Xinyou and Long, Stephen and Paul, Matthew J. and Westhoff, Peter and Loreto, Francesco and Ceriotti, Aldo and Saltenis, Vandasue L. R. and Pribil, Mathias and Nacry, Philippe and Scharff, Lars B. and Jensen, Poul Erik and Muller, Bertrand and Cohan, Jean‐Pierre and Foulkes, John and Rogowsky, Peter and Debaeke, Philippe and Meyer, Christian and Nelissen, Hilde and Inzé, Dirk and Klein Lankhorst, René and Parry, Martin A. J. and Murchie, Erik H. and Baekelandt, Alexandra (2022) Improving crop yield potential: Underlying biological processes and future prospects. Food and Energy Security. ISSN 2048-3694

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Abstract

The growing world population and global increases in the standard of living both result in an increasing demand for food, feed and other plant‐derived products. In the coming years, plant‐based research will be among the major drivers ensuring food security and the expansion of the bio‐based economy. Crop productivity is determined by several factors, including the available physical and agricultural resources, crop management, and the resource use efficiency, quality and intrinsic yield potential of the chosen crop. This review focuses on intrinsic yield potential, since understanding its determinants and their biological basis will allow to maximize the plant's potential in food and energy production. Yield potential is determined by a variety of complex traits that integrate strictly regulated processes and their underlying gene regulatory networks. Due to this inherent complexity, numerous potential targets have been identified that could be exploited to increase crop yield. These encompass diverse metabolic and physical processes at the cellular, organ and canopy level. We present an overview of some of the distinct biological processes considered to be crucial for yield determination that could further be exploited to improve future crop productivity.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Food and Energy Security
Subjects:
ID Code:
180851
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
13 Dec 2022 10:25
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
13 Dec 2022 10:25