Advanced process integration for supercritical production of biodiesel:Residual waste heat recovery via organic Rankine cycle (ORC)

Aboelazayem, Omar and Gadalla, Mamdouh and Alhajri, Ibrahim and Saha, Basu (2021) Advanced process integration for supercritical production of biodiesel:Residual waste heat recovery via organic Rankine cycle (ORC). Renewable Energy, 164. pp. 433-443. ISSN 0960-1481

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Abstract

Biodiesel production using supercritical methanolysis has received immense interest over the last few years. It has the ability to convert high acid value feedstock into biodiesel using a single-pot reaction. However, the energy intensive process is the main disadvantage of supercritical biodiesel process. Herein, a conceptual design for the integration of supercritical biodiesel process with organic Rankine cycle (ORC) is presented to recover residual hot streams and to generate electric power. This article provides energy and techno-economic comparative study for three developed scenarios as follows: original process with no energy integration (Scenario 1), energy integrated process (Scenario 2) and advanced energy integrated process with ORC (Scenario 3). The developed integrated biodiesel process with ORC resulted in electric power generation that has not only satisfied the process electric requirement but also provided excess power of 257 kW for 8,000 tonnes/annum biodiesel plant. The technoeconomic comparative analysis resulted in favouring the third scenario with 36% increase in the process profitability than the second scenario. Sensitivity analysis has shown that biodiesel price variation has significant effect on the process profitability. In summary, integrating supercritical biodiesel production process with ORC appears to be a promising approach for enhancing the process technoeconomic profitability and viability.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Renewable Energy
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2100/2105
Subjects:
ID Code:
180775
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
05 Dec 2022 11:55
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
05 Dec 2022 11:55