Climate‐induced distribution dynamics of Plebeia flavocincta, a stingless bee from Brazilian tropical dry forests

Maia, Ulysses Madureira and Miranda, Leonardo de Sousa and Carvalho, Airton Torres and Imperatriz‐Fonseca, Vera Lucia and Oliveira, Guilherme Corrêa and Giannini, Tereza Cristina (2020) Climate‐induced distribution dynamics of Plebeia flavocincta, a stingless bee from Brazilian tropical dry forests. Ecology and Evolution, 10 (18). pp. 10130-10138. ISSN 2045-7758

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Aim The objective of this study is to estimate the current potential geographic distribution of Plebeia flavocincta and to evaluate the influence of climate on the dynamics of suitable habitat availability in the past and in the future. Location Northeast region of Brazil and dry forest areas. Methods The habitat suitability modeling was based on two algorithms, two global circulation models, and six different scenarios. We used this tool to estimate the areas of occurrence in the past (Last Interglacial and Last Glacial Maximum), in the present, and in the future (years 2050 and 2070). Results According to the models, P. flavocincta had great dynamics in the availability of suitable habitats with periods of retraction and expansion of these areas in the past. Our results suggest that this taxon may benefit in terms of climate suitability gain in Northeast Brazil in the future. In addition, we identified high-altitude areas and the eastern coast as climatically stable. Conclusion The information provided can be used by decision makers to support actions toward protecting and sustainably managing this taxon. Protection measures for this taxon are particularly important because this insect contributes to the local flora and, although our results indicate that the climate may favor this taxon, other factors can negatively affect it, such as high levels of habitat loss due to anthropogenic activities

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Journal Article
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Ecology and Evolution
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13 Dec 2022 10:20
Last Modified:
20 Sep 2023 01:56