Flora of Ferruginous Outcrops Under Climate Change:A Study in the Cangas of Carajás (Eastern Amazon)

Giannini, Tereza Cristina and Acosta, André Luis and Costa, Wilian França and Miranda, Leonardo De Sousa and Pinto, Carlos Eduardo and Watanabe, Maurício Takashi Coutinho and Zappi, Daniela Cristina and Giulietti, Ana Maria and Imperatriz-Fonseca, Vera Lucia (2021) Flora of Ferruginous Outcrops Under Climate Change:A Study in the Cangas of Carajás (Eastern Amazon). Frontiers in Plant Science, 12. ISSN 1664-462X

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Climate change has impacted biodiversity, affecting species and altering their geographical distribution. Besides understanding the impact in the species, it has been advocated that answering if different traits will be differently impacted could allow refined predictions of how climate change will jeopardize biodiversity. Our aim was to evaluate if climate change will potentially impact plant species differently, considering their traits. We evaluated 608 plant species that occur in the naturally open areas of ferruginous outcrops (namely, cangas) in the National Forest of Carajás (Eastern Amazon). Firstly, we estimated the effects of climate change on each species using species distribution modeling, and analyzed this impact in the set containing all species. Secondly, we classified plant species considering the following traits: (i) pollination syndromes (melittophily, phalaenophily, psychophily, cantharophily, entomophily, ornithophily, chiropterophily, anemophily); (ii) habit (tree, shrub, herb, liana, parasite); and (iii) the main habitat of occurrence (open areas and forests). Thirdly, we investigated if the effects of climate change could be significantly more intense considering all the different traits quoted. Our results showed that most plant species will potentially face reduction of suitable habitats under future climate and the scenarios showed that 42% of them may not find suitable areas in the cangas of Carajás. We found no significant difference within each analyzed trait, considering the potential impact of climate change. The most climatically suitable areas (i.e., areas with high probability of species occurrence in the future) are those in the southwest of the study area. These areas can be considered as priority areas for species protection against climate change.

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Journal Article
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Frontiers in Plant Science
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09 Dec 2022 14:00
Last Modified:
15 Sep 2023 01:31