When parasocial relationships turn sour:social media influencers, eroded and exploitative intimacies, and anti-fan communities

Mardon, Rebecca and Cocker, Hayley and Daunt, Kate (2023) When parasocial relationships turn sour:social media influencers, eroded and exploitative intimacies, and anti-fan communities. Journal of Marketing Management. ISSN 0267-257X

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Abstract

Whilst social media influencers (SMIs) excel at establishing positive parasocial relationships with their followers, they can also provoke intense negative responses, as evidenced by the prevalence of SMI-focused anti-fan communities. Prior research does not explain how consumers’ parasocial relationships with SMIs become negatively charged, nor does it explain why this shift may fuel anti-fan community participation. Drawing from a netnographic study of two SMI anti-fan communities, we reveal that eroded reciprocal and disclosive intimacies, as well as exploitative commercial intimacies, can lead consumers’ positive parasocial relationships with SMIs to become negatively charged. We demonstrate that anti-fan communities provide opportunities for consumers reluctant to sever ties with the SMI to sustain their negative parasocial relationship by rebuilding eroded intimacies whilst avoiding and/or retaliating against their exploitation.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Marketing Management
Additional Information:
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Marketing Management on 17/01/2023, available online:  https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0267257X.2022.2149609
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1400/1406
Subjects:
ID Code:
180121
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
28 Nov 2022 10:20
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
27 Jan 2023 09:25