3DVerifier: efficient robustness verification for 3D point cloud models

Mu, Ronghui and Ruan, Wenjie and Soriano Marcolino, Leandro and Ni, Qiang (2022) 3DVerifier: efficient robustness verification for 3D point cloud models. Machine Learning, 2022. ISSN 0885-6125

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Abstract

3D point cloud models are widely applied in safety-critical scenes, which delivers an urgent need to obtain more solid proofs to verify the robustness of models. Existing verifcation method for point cloud model is time-expensive and computationally unattainable on large networks. Additionally, they cannot handle the complete PointNet model with joint alignment network that contains multiplication layers, which efectively boosts the performance of 3D models. This motivates us to design a more efcient and general framework to verify various architectures of point cloud models. The key challenges in verifying the large-scale complete PointNet models are addressed as dealing with the cross-non-linearity operations in the multiplication layers and the high computational complexity of high-dimensional point cloud inputs and added layers. Thus, we propose an efcient verifcation framework, 3DVerifer, to tackle both challenges by adopting a linear relaxation function to bound the multiplication layer and combining forward and backward propagation to compute the certifed bounds of the outputs of the point cloud models. Our comprehensive experiments demonstrate that 3DVerifer outperforms existing verifcation algorithms for 3D models in terms of both efciency and accuracy. Notably, our approach achieves an orders-of-magnitude improvement in verifcation efciency for the large network, and the obtained certifed bounds are also signifcantly tighter than the state-of-the-art verifers. We release our tool 3DVerifer via https://github.com/TrustAI/3DVerifer for use by the community.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Machine Learning
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1700/1712
Subjects:
ID Code:
178589
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
04 Nov 2022 16:20
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 12:02