Ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of APA Pandeiros:A Perspective from a Decade of Research in an Environmental Protection Area in the Cerrado-Caatinga Transition

Queiroz, A.C.M. and Prado, L.P. and Casarino, R.A. and Santiago, G.S. and Oliveira, C.V. and Rabelo, M.A. and Ribas, C.R. (2022) Ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of APA Pandeiros:A Perspective from a Decade of Research in an Environmental Protection Area in the Cerrado-Caatinga Transition. Sociobiology, 69 (3). ISSN 0361-6525

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Habitat transformation and species loss bring enormous environmental damage, whereas establishing protected areas promotes more sustainable use of environmental resources through biodiversity conservation. In this study, we aimed to point out gaps in ant knowledge and provide a species checklist that contributes to biodiversity conservation in the transition areas between Cerrado and Caatinga biomes, constantly threatened by land use changes. This checklist integrates data from previous studies developed at “Área de Proteção Ambiental do Rio Pandeiros” (APA Pandeiros), Minas Gerais, Brazil, involving ant diversity and their contribution to ecological processes accessed and described in the studies. We showed and discussed how authors managed and provided information regarding methodologies and habitats sampled. We listed 143 ant species formally named. Pheidole, Camponotus and Cephalotes were the most speciose genera, with more than ten species each. Among ants involved in ecological processes, 40 are linked to diaspore removal (part of seed dispersal) and 30 to carcass interaction (part of the decomposition process). Unbaited pitfall traps, epigeic stratum and Cerrado sensu stricto, were the top sampling method, stratum, and habitats among ant studies. We presented proposals for the best management and integration of data from surveys in APA Pandeiros (e.g., sharing the results of the studies with the APA managers, creating a database, and the local community). These surveys are fundamental for understanding biodiversity and ecological processes and provide valuable information to conservation biology. Therefore, neglecting the importance of the Cerrado-Caatinga transition can lead to irreparable setbacks for scientific knowledge and biodiversity. © 2022 Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana. All rights reserved.

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Export Date: 2 November 2022
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03 Nov 2022 15:45
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21 Sep 2023 03:21