CHIELD:the causal hypotheses in evolutionary linguistics database

Roberts, Seán G and Killin, Anton and Deb, Angarika and Sheard, Catherine and Greenhill, Simon J and Sinnemäki, Kaius and Segovia-Martín, José and Nölle, Jonas and Berdicevskis, Aleksandrs and Humphreys-Balkwill, Archie and Little, Hannah and Opie, Christopher and Jacques, Guillaume and Bromham, Lindell and Tinits, Peeter and Ross, Robert M and Lee, Sean and Gasser, Emily and Calladine, Jasmine and Spike, Matthew and Mann, Stephen Francis and Shcherbakova, Olena and Singer, Ruth and Zhang, Shuya and Benítez-Burraco, Antonio and Kliesch, Christian and Thomas-Colquhoun, Ewan and Skirgård, Hedvig and Tamariz, Monica and Passmore, Sam and Pellard, Thomas and Jordan, Fiona (2020) CHIELD:the causal hypotheses in evolutionary linguistics database. Journal of Language Evolution, 5 (2). pp. 101-120. ISSN 2058-458X

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Abstract

Language is one of the most complex of human traits. There are many hypotheses about how it originated, what factors shaped its diversity, and what ongoing processes drive how it changes. We present the Causal Hypotheses in Evolutionary Linguistics Database (CHIELD, https://chield.excd.org/), a tool for expressing, exploring, and evaluating hypotheses. It allows researchers to integrate multiple theories into a coherent narrative, helping to design future research. We present design goals, a formal specification, and an implementation for this database. Source code is freely available for other fields to take advantage of this tool. Some initial results are presented, including identifying conflicts in theories about gossip and ritual, comparing hypotheses relating population size and morphological complexity, and an author relation network.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Language Evolution
Subjects:
ID Code:
178439
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
31 Oct 2022 09:30
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 12:01