Combating Li metal deposits in all-solid-state battery via the piezoelectric and ferroelectric effects

Tao, Jianming and Chen, Yue and Bhardwaj, Aman and Wen, Lang and Li, Jiaxin and Kolosov, Oleg V. and Lin, Yingbin and Hong, Zhensheng and Huang, Zhigao and Mathur, Sanjay (2022) Combating Li metal deposits in all-solid-state battery via the piezoelectric and ferroelectric effects. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 119 (41). ISSN 0027-8424

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Abstract

All-solid-state Li-metal batteries (ASSLBs) are highly desirable, due to their inherent safety and high energy density; however, the irregular and uncontrolled growth of Li filaments is detrimental to interfacial stability and safety. Herein, we report on the incorporation of piezo-/ferroelectric BaTiO 3 (BTO) nanofibers into solid electrolytes and determination of electric-field distribution due to BTO inclusion that effectively regulates the nucleation and growth of Li dendrites. Theoretical simulations predict that the piezoelectric effect of BTO embedded in solid electrolyte reduces the driving force of dendrite growth at high curvatures, while its ferroelectricity reduces the overpotential, which helps to regularize Li deposition and Li + flux. Polarization reversal of soft solid electrolytes was identified, confirming a regular deposition and morphology alteration of Li. As expected, the ASSLBs operating with LiFePO 4 /Li and poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO)/garnet solid electrolyte containing 10% BTO additive showed a steady and long cycle life with a reversible capacity of 103.2 mAh g −1 over 500 cycles at 1 C. Furthermore, the comparable cyclability and flexibility of the scalable pouch cells prepared and the successful validation in the sulfide electrolytes, demonstrating its universal and promising application for the integration of Li metal anodes in solid-state batteries.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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ID Code:
178330
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Deposited On:
28 Oct 2022 14:40
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 11:56