The Effects of High CO2 and Strigolactones on Shoot Branching and Aphid–Plant Compatibility Control in Pea

Swiegers, Hendrik Willem and Karpinska, Barbara and Hu, Yan and Dodd, Ian C. and Botha, Anna-Maria and Foyer, Christine H. (2022) The Effects of High CO2 and Strigolactones on Shoot Branching and Aphid–Plant Compatibility Control in Pea. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 23 (20). ISSN 1661-6596

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations (eCO2) regulate plant architecture and susceptibility to insects. We explored the mechanisms underpinning these responses in wild type (WT) peas and mutants defective in either strigolactone (SL) synthesis or signaling. All genotypes had increased shoot height and branching, dry weights and carbohydrate levels under eCO2, demonstrating that SLs are not required for shoot acclimation to eCO2. Since shoot levels of jasmonic acid (JA) and salicylic acid (SA) tended to be lower in SL signaling mutants than the WT under ambient conditions, we compared pea aphid performance on these lines under both CO2 conditions. Aphid fecundity was increased in the SL mutants compared to the WT under both ambient and eCO2 conditions. Aphid infestation significantly decreased levels of JA, isopentenyladenine, trans-zeatin and gibberellin A4 and increased ethylene precursor ACC, gibberellin A1, gibberellic acid (GA3) and SA accumulation in all lines. However, GA3 levels were increased less in the SL signaling mutants than the WT. These studies provide new insights into phytohormone responses in this specific aphid/host interaction and suggest that SLs and gibberellins are part of the network of phytohormones that participate in host susceptibility.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1700/1706
Subjects:
ID Code:
178056
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
26 Oct 2022 07:30
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 11:59