Simultaneously stimulated osteogenesis and anti-bacteria of physically cross-linked double-network hydrogel loaded with MgO-Ag 2O nanocomposites.

Liu, Jiamin and Yang, Si and Tan, Yanni and Liu, Xiangyan and Tian, Yingtao and Liang, Luxin and Wu, Hong (2022) Simultaneously stimulated osteogenesis and anti-bacteria of physically cross-linked double-network hydrogel loaded with MgO-Ag 2O nanocomposites. Biomaterials Advances, 141. ISSN 2772-9508

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Abstract

Hydrogels, with a three-dimensional network of water-soluble polymer and water, could simulate the critical properties of extracellular matrix, which has been widely used in bone tissue engineering. However, most of conventional hydrogels for bone regeneration are fragile and have poor osteogenic activity, which restricts their applications. In this work, a novel nanoparticle-hydrogel composite consisting of physically cross-linked double-network loaded with MgO-Ag 2O nanocomposites was developed by the sol-gel method. The Mg 2+ released from MgO-Ag 2O nanocomposites was used as an ionic cross-linking site of sodium alginate (SA), while the hydrophobic micelles in the polyacrylamide (PAAM) network is acted as another crosslinking point. The results indicated that the novel nanoparticle-hydrogel composites had good self-recovery ability and excellent mechanical properties compared with the conventional sodium alginate (SA)/polyacrylamide (PAAM) hydrogels. Additionally, it showed a slow release of Mg and Ag ions due to the dual function of the embedding effect of hydrogels and the increasing pH of the solution induced by the hydrolysis of sodium alginate. In terms of in vitro tests, the nanoparticle-hydrogel composites showed significantly stimulatory effects on the proliferation and differentiation of SaOS-2 cells. In addition, the antibacterial effects of the nanoparticle-hydrogel composites were gradually enhanced with the increase of MgO-Ag 2O content.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Biomaterials Advances
Subjects:
ID Code:
177775
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
18 Oct 2022 14:35
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 11:55