The <i>XMM</i> Cluster Survey:An independent demonstration of the fidelity of the eFEDS galaxy cluster data products and implications for future studies

Turner, D J and Giles, P A and Romer, A K and Wilkinson, R and Upsdell, E W and Klein, M and Viana, P T P and Hilton, M and Bhargava, S and Collins, C A and Mann, R G and Sahlén, M and Stott, J P (2022) The <i>XMM</i> Cluster Survey:An independent demonstration of the fidelity of the eFEDS galaxy cluster data products and implications for future studies. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 517 (1). pp. 657-674. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

Abstract We present the first comparison between properties of clusters of galaxies detected by the eROSITA Final Equatorial-Depth Survey (eFEDS) and the XMM Cluster Survey (XCS). We have compared, in an ensemble fashion, properties from the eFEDS X-ray cluster catalogue with those from the Ultimate XMM eXtragaLactic (XXL) survey project (XXL-100-GC). We find the redshift and temperature (TX) distributions to be similar, with a larger proportion of clusters above 4 keV in the XXL-100-GC sample; fractional temperature uncertainties are significantly larger in eFEDS compared to XXL. We find 62 eFEDS cluster candidates with XMM data (eFEDS-XMM sample); 10 do not have good enough XMM data to confirm or deny, 11 are classed as sample contaminants, and 4 have their X-ray flux contaminated by another source. The majority of eFEDS-XMM sources have longer XMM exposures than eFEDS, and most eFEDS positions are within 100 kpc of XCS positions. Our eFEDS-XCS sample of 37 clusters is used to calculate minimum sample contamination fractions of ∼18 per cent and ∼9 per cent in the eFEDS X-ray and optically confirmed samples respectively, in general agreement with eFEDS findings. We directly compare 29 X-ray luminosities (LX) measured by eFEDS and XCS, finding excellent agreement. Eight clusters have a TX measured by XCS and eFEDS, and we find that XMM temperatures are 25±9 per cent larger than their eROSITA counterparts. Finally, we construct LX - TX scaling relations based on eFEDS and XCS measurements, which are in tension; the tension is decreased when we measure a third scaling relation with calibrated XCS temperatures.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900/1912
Subjects:
ID Code:
177448
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
13 Oct 2022 15:45
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 11:48