Emotional Intelligence:A Systematic Comparison Between Young Athletes and Non-athletes, Gender and Age Groups

Aouani, Hajer and Slimani, Maamer and Ghouili, Hatem and Tod, David and Znazen, Hela and Bragazzi, Nicola and Hamrouni, Sabeur and Chtara, Moktar and Elloumi, Mohamed (2022) Emotional Intelligence:A Systematic Comparison Between Young Athletes and Non-athletes, Gender and Age Groups. International Journal of Sport Studies for Health, 5 (1). (In Press)

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Abstract

Background: Emotional intelligence (EI) and emotional competence (EC) are considered as multidimensional strategies for dealing with various complex situations. There are conflicting results regarding the effect of age, gender and sports status on EI and EC dimensions. Objectives: In the present study, we compared the EI between young athletes and non-athletes, as well as in terms of both genders and different age groups. Methods: Four hundred seventy-nine young individuals (239 athletes, 240 non-athletes) aged 12 - 18 years old participated in this study. They were classified according to their age (12 - 15 years and 16 - 18 years) and gender (239 male, 240 female). All participants completed the Profile of Emotional Competence (PEC); for assessing the intra- and interpersonal EC and global EI. Results: Athletes had significantly higher values of global EI and altogether the intra- and interpersonal EC dimensions (all, P < 0.001). The comparison between genre and age groups highlighted those males and younger participants showed significantly higher components for both inter- and intrapersonal EC and global EI than females and older participants respectively (0.05 < P < 0.001). Conclusions: Based on the result of the current study, we conclude that engagement and involvement in sports can be considered as a key factor for developing adequate EI. Psychologists and sport-scientists need to be aware about the specific-related psychological skills for both age and gender requirements, particularly EI.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
International Journal of Sport Studies for Health
ID Code:
177345
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
13 Oct 2022 11:35
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
In Press
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 11:56