Collective control, social cohesion and health and well-being:baseline survey results from the communities in control study in England

McGowan, V J and Akhter, N and Halliday, E and Popay, J and Kasim, A and Bambra, C (2022) Collective control, social cohesion and health and well-being:baseline survey results from the communities in control study in England. Journal of Public Health, 44 (2). pp. 378-386. ISSN 1741-3842

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Area-based initiatives (ABIs) are receiving renewed interest as a part of the 'place-based public health' approaches to reducing health inequalities. PURPOSE: Examine associations between collective control, social cohesion and health amongst residents involved in the Big Local (BL) ABI. METHODS: Survey data on general health, mental well-being, perceptions of individual and collective control and social cohesion was obtained in 2016 for 1600 residents involved in the 150 BL ABI areas in England, and 862 responded-a response rate of >50%. Adjusted mean differences and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) were calculated using random effect linear and generalized estimating equation models. Subgroup analysis by gender and educational level was conducted. RESULTS: Mental well-being was positively associated with collective control (mean difference: 3.06 units, 1.23-4.90) and some measures of social cohesion ('people in the area are willing to help each other' [mean difference: 1.77 units, 0.75-2.78]). General health was positively associated with other measures of social cohesion (area-belonging [OR: 4.25, 2.26-7.97]). CONCLUSIONS: Collective control and some aspects of social cohesion were positively associated with better mental well-being and self-rated health amongst residents involved with BL. These positive associations were often greater amongst women and participants with a lower education. Increasing the collective control residents have in ABIs could improve the health effects of ABIs.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Public Health
Additional Information:
This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Public Health following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version V J McGowan, N Akhter, E Halliday, J Popay, A Kasim, C Bambra, Collective control, social cohesion and health and well-being: baseline survey results from the communities in control study in England, Journal of Public Health, Volume 44, Issue 2, June 2022, Pages 378–386, https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdaa227 is available online at: https://academic.oup.com/jpubhealth/article-abstract/44/2/378/6076891
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700
Subjects:
ID Code:
177232
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
07 Oct 2022 10:30
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 11:52