Review of Environmental Monitoring by Means of Radio Waves in the Polar Regions:From Atmosphere to Geospace

Alfonsi, Lucilla and Bergeot, Nicolas and Cilliers, Pierre J. and De Franceschi, Giorgiana and Baddeley, Lisa and Correia, Emilia and Di Mauro, Domenico and Enell, Carl-Fredrik and Engebretson, Mark and Ghoddousi-Fard, Reza and Häggström, Ingemar and Ham, Young-bae and Heygster, Georg and Jee, Geonhwa and Kero, Antti and Kosch, Michael and Kwon, Hyuck-Jin and Lee, Changsup and Lotz, Stefan and Macotela, Liliana and Marcucci, Maria Federica and Miloch, Wojciech J. and Morton, Y. Jade and Naoi, Takahiro and Negusini, Monia and Partamies, Noora and Petkov, Boyan H. and Pottiaux, Eric and Prikryl, Paul and Shreedevi, P. R. and Slapak, Rikard and Spogli, Luca and Stephenson, Judy and Triana-Gómez, Arantxa M. and Troshichev, Oleg A. and Van Malderen, Roeland and Weygand, James M. and Zou, Shasha (2022) Review of Environmental Monitoring by Means of Radio Waves in the Polar Regions:From Atmosphere to Geospace. Surveys in Geophysics, 43 (6). pp. 1609-1698. ISSN 0169-3298

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The Antarctic and Arctic regions are Earth's open windows to outer space. They provide unique opportunities for investigating the troposphere–thermosphere–ionosphere–plasmasphere system at high latitudes, which is not as well understood as the mid- and low-latitude regions mainly due to the paucity of experimental observations. In addition, different neutral and ionised atmospheric layers at high latitudes are much more variable compared to lower latitudes, and their variability is due to mechanisms not yet fully understood. Fortunately, in this new millennium the observing infrastructure in Antarctica and the Arctic has been growing, thus providing scientists with new opportunities to advance our knowledge on the polar atmosphere and geospace. This review shows that it is of paramount importance to perform integrated, multi-disciplinary research, making use of long-term multi-instrument observations combined with ad hoc measurement campaigns to improve our capability of investigating atmospheric dynamics in the polar regions from the troposphere up to the plasmasphere, as well as the coupling between atmospheric layers. Starting from the state of the art of understanding the polar atmosphere, our survey outlines the roadmap for enhancing scientific investigation of its physical mechanisms and dynamics through the full exploitation of the available infrastructures for radio-based environmental monitoring.

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Journal Article
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Surveys in Geophysics
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11 Oct 2022 08:50
Last Modified:
21 Sep 2023 03:20