Impact of short-term control measures on air quality:A case study during the 7th Military World Games in central China

Mao, Yao and Liu, Weijie and Hu, Tianpeng and Shi, Mingming and Cheng, Cheng and Zhan, Changlin and Zhang, Li and Zhang, Jiaquan and Sweetman, Andrew J and Jones, Kevin C and Xing, Xinli and Qi, Shihua (2022) Impact of short-term control measures on air quality:A case study during the 7th Military World Games in central China. Environmental Pollution, 311. p. 119998. ISSN 0269-7491

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The 7th Military World Games held in Wuhan (WH) in Oct 2019 provided an opportunity to clarify the impact of short-term control measures on air quality. Fine particulate matters (PM 2.5) were collected in WH, Huangshi (HS), and Huanggang (HG) during the control (Oct 13-28, 2019) and non-control periods (Oct 29- Nov 5, 2019). The results showed that air quality was good during the control period, with the concentrations of PM 2.5 and gaseous pollutants being below the Grade Ⅱ of China Ambient Air Quality Standard. Concentrations of PM 2.5 and its major chemical components in the control period were significantly lower than those in the non-control period, with reductions ranging from 17% (trace elements) to 46% (elemental carbon). However, higher contributions of secondary components such as SO 4 2-, NO 3 -, NH 4 + and secondary organic carbon (SOC) to PM 2.5 were observed during the control period, suggesting the important role of secondary transformation. Potential source contribution function (PSCF) of PM 2.5 showed that the main source regions were potentially located in surrounding cities Hubei Province, but regional transport can't be ignored. Six sources were identified by positive matrix factorization (PMF) for both control and non-control period. The contributions of combustion emissions and vehicle emissions were amplified in the control period, while the contribution of construction dust increased significantly when the control measures ended. Emission reductions contributed more to PM 2.5 concentration decrease in WH (55%) than that in HS (51%) and HG (49%), which was consistent with the stricter control measures implemented in WH. These results indicated that short-term controls were effective at lowering PM 2.5 concentration. However, the elevated contributions of secondary aerosols and the influence of regional transport on the study areas also need to be paid attention for air quality improvement in the future.

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Journal Article
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Environmental Pollution
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This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Environmental Pollution. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Environmental Pollution, 311, 2022 DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2022.119998
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16 Sep 2022 15:15
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17 Sep 2023 03:18