Strain hardening in twinning-induced plasticity stainless steel produced by laser powder bed fusion

Eskandari Sabzi, Hossein and Li, Xiao-Hui and Zhang, Chi and Fu, Hanwei and Rivera-Díaz-del-Castillo, Pedro E.J. (2022) Strain hardening in twinning-induced plasticity stainless steel produced by laser powder bed fusion. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 855. ISSN 0921-5093

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Abstract

A modelling approach is presented to identify the deformation mechanisms of 316L stainless steel produced by laser powder bed fusion (LPBF). The approach incorporates the evolution of dislocations, forming a forest, and of twins, which develop a back-stress. The overall plasticity behaviour is described in terms of dislocation multiplication and annihilation progress with strain. The modelling is matched up with detailed electron microscopy observations; the combination of both demonstrates the deformation behaviour of LPBF builds is intrinsically different to that of wrought alloys. LPBFed samples undergo three stages of deformation, with the first developing twins, which formation quickly saturates; the second sees a dramatic increase in dislocation forest hardening, combined with dislocation recovery; and the third undergoes dynamic recrystallization taking place around heavily twinned sections. Opposite to wrought alloys, LPBFed specimens decrease their density of statistically stored dislocations throughout deformation, and it is shown that this behaviour is replicated by other LPBFed metals, including high-entropy alloys. The intrinsic behavioural differences in LPBF plasticity is thought to be due to the presence of a residual stress; this promotes dislocation recovery from the onset of deformation.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Materials Science and Engineering: A
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3100/3104
Subjects:
ID Code:
175486
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
06 Sep 2022 09:20
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
06 Sep 2022 09:20