Dbf4-Cdc7 (DDK) Inhibitor PHA-767491 Displays Potent Anti-Proliferative Effects via Crosstalk with the CDK2-RB-E2F Pathway

Pauzaite, Tekle and Tollitt, James and Sopaci, Betul and Caprani, Louise and Iwanowytsch, Olivia and Thacker, Urvi and Hardy, John G. and Allinson, Sarah L. and Copeland, Nikki A. (2022) Dbf4-Cdc7 (DDK) Inhibitor PHA-767491 Displays Potent Anti-Proliferative Effects via Crosstalk with the CDK2-RB-E2F Pathway. Biomedicines, 10 (8). ISSN 2227-9059

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Abstract

Precise regulation of DNA replication complex assembly requires cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) and Dbf4-dependent kinase (DDK) activities to activate the replicative helicase complex and initiate DNA replication. Chemical probes have been essential in the molecular analysis of DDK-mediated regulation of MCM2-7 activation and the initiation phase of DNA replication. Here, the inhibitory activity of two distinct DDK inhibitor chemotypes, PHA-767491 and XL-413, were assessed in cell-free and cell-based proliferation assays. PHA-767491 and XL-413 show distinct effects at the level of cellular proliferation, initiation of DNA replication and replisome activity. XL-413 and PHA-767491 both reduce DDK-specific phosphorylation of MCM2 but show differential potency in prevention of S-phase entry. DNA combing and DNA replication assays show that PHA-767491 is a potent inhibitor of the initiation phase of DNA replication but XL413 has weak activity. Importantly, PHA-767491 decreased E2F-mediated transcription of the G1/S regulators cyclin A2, cyclin E1 and cyclin E2, and this effect was independent of CDK9 inhibition. Significantly, the enhanced inhibitory profile of PHA-767491 is mediated by potent inhibition of both DDK and the CDK2-Rb-E2F transcriptional network, that provides the molecular basis for its increased anti-proliferative effects in RB+ cancer cell lines.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Biomedicines
Subjects:
ID Code:
174887
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
22 Aug 2022 08:35
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Aug 2022 08:35