Differential emotional processing in concrete and abstract words

Yao, B. and Keitel, A. and Bruce, G. and Scott, G.G. and O'Donnell, P.J. and Sereno, S.C. (2018) Differential emotional processing in concrete and abstract words. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, 44 (7). 1064–1074. ISSN 0278-7393

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Emotion (positive and negative) words are typically recognized faster than neutral words. Recent research suggests that emotional valence, while often treated as a unitary semantic property, may be differentially represented in concrete and abstract words. Studies that have explicitly examined the interaction of emotion and concreteness, however, have demonstrated inconsistent patterns of results. Moreover, these findings may be limited as certain key lexical variables (e.g., familiarity, age of acquisition) were not taken into account. We investigated the emotion-concreteness interaction in a large-scale, highly controlled lexical decision experiment. A 3 (Emotion: negative, neutral, positive) × 2 (Concreteness: abstract, concrete) design was used, with 45 items per condition and 127 participants. We found a significant interaction between emotion and concreteness. Although positive and negative valenced words were recognized faster than neutral words, this emotion advantage was significantly larger in concrete than in abstract words. We explored potential contributions of participant alexithymia level and item imageability to this interactive pattern. We found that only word imageability significantly modulated the emotion-concreteness interaction. While both concrete and abstract emotion words are advantageously processed relative to comparable neutral words, the mechanisms of this facilitation are paradoxically more dependent on imageability in abstract words. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition
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©American Psychological Association, [Year]. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at: 10.1037/xlm0000464
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?? experimental and cognitive psychology ??
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Deposited On:
18 Aug 2022 09:35
Last Modified:
15 Jan 2024 00:20