Observing a topological transition in weak-measurement-induced geometric phases

Wang, Y. and Snizhko, K. and Romito, A. and Gefen, Y. and Murch, K. (2022) Observing a topological transition in weak-measurement-induced geometric phases. Physical Review Research, 4 (2). ISSN 2643-1564

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Abstract

Measurement plays a quintessential role in the control of quantum systems. Beyond initialization and readout which pertain to projective measurements, weak measurements, in particular through their back action on the system, may enable various levels of coherent control. The latter ranges from observing quantum trajectories to state dragging and steering. Furthermore, just like the adiabatic evolution of quantum states that is known to induce the Berry phase, sequential weak measurements may lead to path-dependent geometric phases. Here we measure the geometric phases induced by sequences of weak measurements and demonstrate a topological transition in the geometric phase controlled by measurement strength. This connection between weak measurement-induced quantum dynamics and topological transitions reveals subtle topological features in measurement-based manipulation of quantum systems. Our protocol could be implemented for classes of operations (e.g., braiding) that are topological in nature. Furthermore, our results open new horizons for measurement-enabled quantum control of many-body topological states.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Physical Review Research
ID Code:
174087
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
23 Aug 2022 11:15
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
23 Aug 2022 11:15