The Risks and Benefits of Differentiated Integration in the European Union as Perceived by Academic Experts

Kröger, Sandra and Loughran, Thomas Ivan Powell (2022) The Risks and Benefits of Differentiated Integration in the European Union as Perceived by Academic Experts. Journal of Common Market Studies, 60 (3). pp. 702-720. ISSN 0021-9886

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Abstract

This article sheds light on how academic experts assess the benefits and risks of differentiated integration (DI) in the European Union (EU). DI denotes particular member states either being allowed to opt out of specific EU policies, or being excluded or exempted from participating in them until certain conditions are met. The findings of a novel expert survey (n = 95) highlight two key divisions amongst experts, namely, first a regional divide between scholars based in Western Europe and those based in Eastern Europe, with the former more favourable to DI than the latter; and second, a substantive divide between those, more numerous, who are favourable to DI, and those who are more critical. For the former, the perceived benefits outweigh the perceived risks. What drives the support of or objection to DI also differs between experts. Whereas supporters favour pragmatic reasons for DI, opponents mostly mobilize principled reasons against it.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Common Market Studies
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3300/3320
Subjects:
ID Code:
174062
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
09 Aug 2022 12:45
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
09 Aug 2022 12:45