Dissipation of excess photosynthetic energy contributes to salinity tolerance: A comparative study of salt-tolerant Ricinus communis and salt-sensitive Jatropha curcas

Costa Lima Neto, Milton and Moreira Lobo, Ana Karla and Martins, Marcio Oliveira and Fontenele, Adilton Vasconcelos and Silveira, Joaquim Albenisio Gomes (2014) Dissipation of excess photosynthetic energy contributes to salinity tolerance: A comparative study of salt-tolerant Ricinus communis and salt-sensitive Jatropha curcas. Journal of Plant Physiology, 171 (1). pp. 23-30. ISSN 0176-1617

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Abstract

The relationships between salt tolerance and photosynthetic mechanisms of excess energy dissipation were assessed using two species that exhibit contrasting responses to salinity, Ricinus communis (tolerant) and Jatropha curcas (sensitive). The salt tolerance of R. communis was indicated by unchanged electrolyte leakage (cellular integrity) and dry weight in leaves, whereas these parameters were greatly affected in J. curcas. The leaf Na+ content was similar in both species. Photosynthesis was intensely decreased in both species, but the reduction was more pronounced in J. curcas. In this species biochemical limitations in photosynthesis were more prominent, as indicated by increased Ci values and decreased Rubisco activity. Salinity decreased both the Vcmax (in vivo Rubisco activity) and Jmax (maximum electron transport rate) more significantly in J. curcas. The higher tolerance in R. communis was positively associated with higher photorespiratory activity, nitrate assimilation and higher cyclic electron flow. The high activity of these alternative electron sinks in R. communis was closely associated with a more efficient photoprotection mechanism. In conclusion, salt tolerance in R. communis, compared with J. curcas, is related to higher electron partitioning from the photosynthetic electron transport chain to alternative sinks.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Plant Physiology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300/1314
Subjects:
ID Code:
173840
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
10 Aug 2022 08:20
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
10 Aug 2022 08:20