Mitochondrial glutathione peroxidase (OsGPX3) has a crucial role in rice protection against salt stress

Paiva, Ana Luiza S. and Passaia, Gisele and Moreira Lobo, Ana Karla and Jardim-Messeder, Douglas and Silveira, Joaquim Albenisio Gomes and Margis-Pinheiro, Marcia (2019) Mitochondrial glutathione peroxidase (OsGPX3) has a crucial role in rice protection against salt stress. Environ. Exp. Bot., 158. pp. 12-21. ISSN 0098-8472

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Abstract

Rice is one of the world's most important crops and an excellent model system for understanding the interaction between genes and environmental changes. However, its productivity is often challenged by abiotic stresses, which results in the accumulation of reactive oxygen species. Glutathione peroxidases are part of the mechanism by which plants face oxidative stress. These enzymes can control redox homeostasis and also play a role in redox signaling. Here, we investigate the role of rice GPX3 in plant responses to salt stress using OsGPX3-RNAi silenced rice plants (GPX3s). Our results indicate that GPX3s plants are more sensitive to salinity showing decreased biomass, CO 2 assimilation rate, stomatal conductance, and intercellular CO 2 partial pressure. Moreover, these plants present significant damage to photosystem II activity and decline in chlorophyll content. Salt stress induced ROS accumulation in both non-transformed (NT) and GPX3s plants, indicating that GPX3s sensibility to salt stress was not due to the significant impairment in redox equilibrium. Together, these results show GPX3 importance in rice to achieve salt stress tolerance via an independent ROS-scavenger mechanism. Moreover, it also provides new light into the cross-talk between chloroplasts and mitochondria, suggesting a novel role to this enzyme beyond its role as ROS-scavenger.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Environ. Exp. Bot.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1100/1102
Subjects:
ID Code:
173835
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
19 Aug 2022 09:30
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
19 Aug 2022 09:50