Assessment of Source Profile of Nonmethane Hydrocarbon in the Ambient Air of Metro City Delhi, India

Kumar, Ram and Pandey, Alok and Kumar, Ritesh and Kashyap, Prabhat and Kumar, Krishan (2017) Assessment of Source Profile of Nonmethane Hydrocarbon in the Ambient Air of Metro City Delhi, India. Current World Environment, 12 (2). pp. 326-338.

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Abstract

In this paper presents the assessment of source profile of nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) in the ambient air of Delhi. The samples were collected from five different urban sites using tedlar bags for aliphatic NMHCs and activated adsorption charcoal tubes for aromatic NMHCs during October 2014 to September 2015. Eleven aliphatic NMHCs propane, n-butane i-butene, i-butane, 1,3-butadiene, trans-2-butene, cis-2-pentene, n-pentane, n-hexane, heptane and four aromatic NMHCs benzene, toluene, o-xylene, p/m-xylene were identified in 112 urban ambient air samples. Samples were analysed using gas chromatography which is coupled with flame ionization detector (GC-FID). Pearson correlation coefficient (r) found to be = 0.5±0.2, shows significance level to have moderate among the NMHCs, indicates NMHCs in the urban ambient air have many sources profile mentioned in PCA result. Factor analysis(FA) and receptor model, i.e., Principal Component Analysis(PCA)/Absolute Principal Component Score (APCS) was used for identification of source profile distribution. PCA analysis after the varimax rotation have identified six possible source profile and explained about 70 % of the total dataset. The average % contribution of NMHCs emitted from vehicles was found to be 23%, whereas polymer manufacturing industries contributes 19% and from refinery operation/ gas station contribute 14%, and 13%, emitted from flare emissions and 10% from natural gas emissions. The secondary industrial process, including paints, body soaps and metal fabricator and processing was contributing 8%. Out of these remaining 13% was estimated as unidentified sources. These findings may be used by government authorities to formulate policies and strategies for improvement of urban air quality that can improve the health of urban communities.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Current World Environment
ID Code:
173643
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
26 Jul 2022 15:05
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
26 Jul 2022 15:05