UK Ammonia Emissions Estimated With Satellite Observations and GEOS‐Chem

Marais, Eloise and Pandey, Alok Kumar and Van Damme, Martin and Clarisse, Lieven and Coheur, Pierre-Francois and Shephard, Mark W. and Cady-Pereira, Karen E. and Misselbrook, Tom and Zhu, Lei and Luo, Gan and Yu, Fangqun (2021) UK Ammonia Emissions Estimated With Satellite Observations and GEOS‐Chem. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126 (18). ISSN 0747-7309

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Abstract

Agricultural emissions of ammonia (NH 3) impact air quality, human health, and the vitality of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. In the UK, there are few direct policies regulating anthropogenic NH 3 emissions and development of sustainable mitigation measures necessitates reliable emissions estimates. Here, we use observations of column densities of NH 3 from two space-based sensors (IASI and CrIS) with the GEOS-Chem model to derive top-down NH 3 emissions for the UK at fine spatial (∼10 km) and time (monthly) scales. We focus on March-September when there is adequate spectral signal to reliably retrieve NH 3. We estimate total emissions of 272 Gg from IASI and 389 Gg from CrIS. Bottom-up emissions are 27% less than IASI and 49% less than CrIS. There are also differences in seasonality. Top-down and bottom-up emissions agree on a spring April peak due to fertilizer and manure application, but there is also a comparable summer July peak in the top-down emissions that is not in the bottom-up emissions and appears to be associated with dairy cattle farming. We estimate relative errors in the top-down emissions of 11%–36% for IASI and 9%–27% for CrIS, dominated by column density retrieval errors. The bottom-up versus top-down emissions discrepancies estimated in this work impact model predictions of the environmental damage caused by NH 3 emissions and warrant further investigation.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Subjects:
ID Code:
173043
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
27 Jul 2022 10:35
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
27 Jul 2022 10:35