Microstructure, mechanical properties and biocompatibility of laser metal deposited Ti–23Nb coatings on a NiTi substrate

Ren, Yaojia and Du, Jingguang and Liu, Bo and Jiao, Z.B. and Tian, Yingtao and Baker, Ian and Wu, Hong (2022) Microstructure, mechanical properties and biocompatibility of laser metal deposited Ti–23Nb coatings on a NiTi substrate. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 848. ISSN 0921-5093

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To simultaneously obtain superior superelasticity and biological properties, single- and multi-layer Ti–23Nb coatings were deposited on a cold-rolled NiTi substrate using laser metal deposition (LMD). The microstructure of the single-layer coating consisted of a cellular structure with a grid size of ∼300 μm in the eutectic layer, strip structures and prior β-(Ti, Nb) phases surrounded by the Ti2Ni(Nb) phase in the Ni diffusion zone. In contrast, the microstructure of the multi-layer coating consisted of α′, α′′, and prior β phases, which arise from the partition of Nb. Compared with the NiTi substrate, the Ni ion release concentration of the single-layer coating is reduced by 45% with similar nano-mechanical behavior, i.e. a nanohardness, H, of ∼4.0 GPa, a reduced Young's modulus, E r, of ∼65 GPa, an elastic strain to failure, H/E r, of ∼0.06, a yield stress, H 3/E r 2, of ∼0.016 GPa, and a superelastic strain recovery, η sr, of ∼0.3. The reduction of Ni ion concentration for multi-layer coating after 35 days is even better at up to 62%, but at the cost of a degradation in the mechanical properties. The LMD coatings have a high dislocation density, and their creep is controlled by dislocation movement.

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Journal Article
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Materials Science and Engineering: A
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This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Materials Science & Engineering A. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Materials Science & Engineering A, 848, 2022 DOI: 10.1016/j.msea.2022.143402
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20 Jul 2022 11:50
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20 Jul 2022 11:50