Metabolomics guides rational development of a simplified cell culture medium for drug screening against Trypanosoma brucei.

Creek, DJ and Nijagal, B and Kim, DH and Rojas, F and Matthews, KR and Barrett, MP (2013) Metabolomics guides rational development of a simplified cell culture medium for drug screening against Trypanosoma brucei. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 57 (6). pp. 2768-2779. ISSN 0066-4804

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Abstract

In vitro culture methods underpin many experimental approaches to biology and drug discovery. The modification of established cell culture methods to make them more biologically relevant or to optimize growth is traditionally a laborious task. Emerging metabolomic technology enables the rapid evaluation of intra- and extracellular metabolites and can be applied to the rational development of cell culture media. In this study, untargeted semiquantitative and targeted quantitative metabolomic analyses of fresh and spent media revealed the major nutritional requirements for the growth of bloodstream form Trypanosoma brucei. The standard culture medium (HMI11) contained unnecessarily high concentrations of 32 nutrients that were subsequently removed to make the concentrations more closely resemble those normally found in blood. Our new medium, Creek's minimal medium (CMM), supports in vitro growth equivalent to that in HMI11 and causes no significant perturbation of metabolite levels for 94% of the detected metabolome (<3-fold change; α = 0.05). Importantly, improved sensitivity was observed for drug activity studies in whole-cell phenotypic screenings and in the metabolomic mode of action assays. Four-hundred-fold 50% inhibitory concentration decreases were observed for pentamidine and methotrexate, suggesting inhibition of activity by nutrients present in HMI11. CMM is suitable for routine cell culture and offers important advantages for metabolomic studies and drug activity screening.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2736
Subjects:
ID Code:
172554
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
11 Jul 2022 13:35
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
11 Jul 2022 13:35