Recycling spent lead acid batteries into aqueous zinc-ion battery material with ultra-flat voltage platforms

Lin, C. and Chen, Y. and Zhang, W. and Li, J. and Lin, Y. and Kolosov, O.V. and Huang, Z. (2022) Recycling spent lead acid batteries into aqueous zinc-ion battery material with ultra-flat voltage platforms. Ceramics International, 48 (18). pp. 25808-25815. ISSN 0272-8842

Text (PbO-Zn)
PbO_Zn.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 1 August 2023.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs.

Download (1MB)


The harmless disposal of lead paste in the spent lead-acid batteries (LABs) remains an enormous challenge in traditional pyrometallurgical recycling. Here, we introduced a hydrometallurgical method for the recycling of the spent LABs’ waste to obtain the β-PbO as a novel zinc ion batteries (ZIBs) active material. The obtained β-PbO exhibits ultra-flat charge/discharge voltage platforms (0.21 mV/(mAh g−1)) and stable specific capacity. During the charge/discharge, the β-PbO spontaneously triggers the formation of (ZnSO4)[Zn(OH)2]3·5H2O (ZHS) micro-sheets as a surface passivation layer. Moreover, the ex-situ X-ray spectra reveal that the reversible phase transformation occurs between PbSO4 and Pb with the assistance of ZHS by adjusting the PH value on the electrode-electrolyte interface. The synergistic two-phase-reaction mechanism generates ultra-flat voltage platforms upon the charge/discharge. This “energy-saving and environment-friendly” recycling route eliminates the major source of emission of pollution particulates/gases compared to the traditional pyrometallurgical recycling, while at the same time replacing energy-consuming and environmentally detrimental processes of synthesis of current ZIBs cathodes.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Ceramics International
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Ceramics International. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Ceramics International, 48 (18), 2022 DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2022.05.253
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Data Sharing Template/no
ID Code:
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
04 Aug 2022 14:50
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 11:32