Problem drinking recognition among UK military personnel : prevalence and associations

Spanakis, Panagiotis and Gribble, Rachael and Stevelink, Sharon A M and Rona, Roberto J and Fear, Nicola T and Goodwin, Laura (2023) Problem drinking recognition among UK military personnel : prevalence and associations. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 58 (2). pp. 193-203. ISSN 0933-7954

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Purpose: Despite the higher prevalence of problem drinking in the UK military compared to the general population, problem recognition appears to be low, and little is known about which groups are more likely to recognise a problem. This study examined prevalence of problem drinking recognition and its associations. Methods: We analysed data from 6400 regular serving and ex-serving personnel, collected in phase 3 (2014–2016) of the King's Centre for Military Health Research cohort study. Measurements: Participants provided sociodemographic, military, health and impairment, life experiences, problem drinking, and problem recognition information. Problem drinking was categorised as scores ≥ 16 in the AUDIT questionnaire. Associations with problem recognition were examined with weighted logistic regressions. Findings: Among personnel meeting criteria for problem drinking, 49% recognised the problem. Recognition was most strongly associated (ORs ≥ 2.50) with experiencing probable PTSD (AOR = 2.86, 95% CI = 1.64–5.07), social impairment due to physical or mental health problems (AOR = 2.69, 95% CI = 1.51–4.79), adverse life events (AOR = 2.84, 95% CI = 1.70–4.75), ever being arrested (AOR = 2.99, CI = 1.43–6.25) and reporting symptoms of alcohol dependence (AOR = 3.68, 95% CI = 2.33–5.82). To a lesser extent, recognition was also statistically significantly associated with experiencing psychosomatic symptoms, feeling less healthy, probable common mental health disorders, and increased scores on the AUDIT. Conclusion: Half of UK military personnel experiencing problem drinking does not self-report their drinking behaviour as problematic. Greater problem drinking severity, poorer mental or physical health, and negative life experiences facilitate problem recognition.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? armed forcesuk militaryproblem recognitionalcohol use disorderproblem drinkinghealth(social science)social psychologyepidemiologypsychiatry and mental health ??
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Deposited On:
20 Jun 2022 09:10
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2024 22:45