Genetic characterization of flowering and phytochrome genes in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) for early maturity

Jannat, Sammyia and Hassan, Mahmood Ul and Ortiz, Gabriela Toledo and Shah, Muhammad Kausar Nawaz and Ahmed, Mukhtar and Shah, Asad Hussain and Qayyum, Abdul (2022) Genetic characterization of flowering and phytochrome genes in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) for early maturity. Molecular Biology Reports, 49. 5495–5504. ISSN 0301-4851

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Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) production and cropping pattern is highly influenced by the climatic factors including temperature and rain pattern fluctuations. It is one of the most important cash crop in the rain fed areas of Pakistan and its production, under changing climatic conditions, that can be improved by developing short duration varieties. The present study was based on the molecular characterization of the maturity associated gene families in the peanut under two light conditions. Genomic analysis based on the in silico study of important gene families for early maturity associated attributes like flowering time, their pattern, duration and photoperiodism was done for a comprehensive mapping of maturity related genes. Phytochromes genes Phy A, Phy B and Phy E and flowering genes FT2a, Ft5a and COL2 were selected for in silico characterization for protein based analysis including Multiple Sequence Alignment (MSA), and Neighbor Joining (NJ) tree. MSA and NJ trees of the peanut with Arabidopsis thaliana and Glycine max showed a clear picture of the phylogenetic relationship on the basis of selected gene proteins. Expression profile of phytochrome and flowering genes revealed that photoperiod conditions i.e. short and long days, have great influence on the Phy A, Phy B and Phy E, Ft2a, FT5a and COL2 gene expression pattern. In current study, the relative expression of all studied genes was found higher in short day light condition at flower initiation stage of the plants than in the long light day condition with exception of COL2 gene protein. The molecular characterization based on the in silico study of the particular genes and qPCR based gene expression profiling of the selected genes provided an evidence of the role of these genes and their comparative analysis under two photoperiodic conditions.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Molecular Biology Reports
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The final publication is available at Springer via
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? phylogenetic relationshipgene expressioncropping patternshort durationgeneticsmolecular biology ??
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13 Jun 2022 15:10
Last Modified:
16 Apr 2024 01:25