A Reservation-Based Vehicle-to-Vehicle Charging Service Under Constraint of Parking Duration

Liu, Shuohan and Ni, Qiang and Cao, Yue and Cui, Jixing and Tian, Daxin and Zhuang, Yuan (2022) A Reservation-Based Vehicle-to-Vehicle Charging Service Under Constraint of Parking Duration. IEEE Systems Journal. ISSN 1932-8184

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Electric vehicle (EV) has been applied as the main transportation tool recently. However, EVs still require a long charging time and, thus, inevitably cause charging congestion. The traditional plug-in charging mode is limited by fixed location and peak hours. Therefore, a flexible vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) charging mode is considered in this article. Here, parking lots (PLs) widely dispersed in cities are reused as a common place for V2V charging. EVs are divided into EVs as energy consumers and EVs as energy providers to form as vehicle-to-vehicle charging pairs (V2V-Pairs). In this article, we propose a V2V charging management scheme, which includes a distance-based V2V-Pair matching algorithm and a PL-selection scheme. As the occupation status at PLs is difficult to predict, to achieve high PL utilization and evenly PL selection, V2V charging reservation is introduced. Meanwhile, since EV drivers usually park at PLs within a limited duration, our proposed V2V charging scheme introduces the parking duration to optimize V2V charging under a temporal constraint. We simulate this V2V charging scheme under the Helsinki city scenario. The results prove that our proposed V2V charging scheme achieves great charging efficiency (minimized charging waiting time and maximized fully charging times).

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IEEE Systems Journal
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13 Jun 2022 12:30
Last Modified:
28 Jan 2023 01:20