No Need of Data Pre-processing:A General Framework for Radio-Based Device-Free Context Awareness

Wei, Bo and Li, Kai and Luo, Chengwen and Xu, Weitao and Zhang, Jin and Zhang, Kuan (2021) No Need of Data Pre-processing:A General Framework for Radio-Based Device-Free Context Awareness. ACM Transactions on Internet of Things, 2 (4).

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Abstract

Device-free context awareness is important to many applications. There are two broadly used approaches for device-free context awareness, i.e., video-based and radio-based. Video-based approaches can deliver good performance, but privacy is a serious concern. Radio-based context awareness applications have drawn researchers’ attention instead, because it does not violate privacy and radio signal can penetrate obstacles. The existing works design explicit methods for eachradio-based application. Furthermore, they use oneadditional step to extract features before conducting classification and exploit deep learning as a classification tool. Although this feature extraction step helps explore patterns of raw signals, it generates unnecessary noise and information loss. The use of raw CSI signal without initial data processing was, however, considered as no usable patterns. In this article, we are the first to propose an innovative deep learning–based general framework for both signal processing and classification. The key novelty of this article is that the framework can be generalised for all the radio-based context awareness applications with the use of raw CSI. We also eliminate the extra work to extract features from raw radio signals. We conduct extensive evaluations to show the superior performance of our proposed method and its generalisation.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
ACM Transactions on Internet of Things
ID Code:
171693
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
14 Jun 2022 15:25
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 11:33