Dilated Causal Convolution with Multi-Head Self-Attention for Human Activity Recognition in Smart Homes

Hamad, Rebeen Ali and Kimura, Masashi and Yang, Longzhi and Woo, Wai Lok and Wei, Bo (2021) Dilated Causal Convolution with Multi-Head Self-Attention for Human Activity Recognition in Smart Homes. Neural Computing and Applications, 33 (20). pp. 13705-13722. ISSN 0941-0643

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Abstract

Systems of sensor human activity recognition are becoming increasingly popular in diverse fields such as healthcare and security. Yet, developing such systems poses inherent challenges due to the variations and complexity of human behaviors during the performance of physical activities. Recurrent neural networks, particularly long short-term memory have achieved promising results on numerous sequential learning problems, including sensor human activity recognition. However, parallelization is inhibited in recurrent networks due to sequential operation and computation that lead to slow training, occupying more memory and hard convergence. One-dimensional convolutional neural network processes input temporal sequential batches independently that lead to effectively executed operations in parallel. Despite that, a one-dimensional Convolutional Neural Network is not sensitive to the order of the time steps which is crucial for accurate and robust systems of sensor human activity recognition. To address this problem, we propose a network architecture based on dilated causal convolution and multi-head self-attention mechanisms that entirely dispense recurrent architectures to make efficient computation and maintain the ordering of the time steps. The proposed method is evaluated for human activities using smart home binary sensors data and wearable sensor data. Results of conducted extensive experiments on eight public and benchmark HAR data sets show that the proposed network outperforms the state-of-the-art models based on recurrent settings and temporal models.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Neural Computing and Applications
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1700/1712
Subjects:
ID Code:
171691
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
14 Jun 2022 13:50
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 11:33