Nanoformulated Bumetanide Ameliorates Social Deficiency in BTBR Mice Model of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Lv, Hui and Gu, Xiao and Shan, Xingyue and Zhu, Tailin and Ma, Bingke and Zhang, Hao-Tian and Bambini-Junior, Victorio and Zhang, Tiantian and Li, Wei-Guang and Gao, Xiaoling and Li, Fei (2022) Nanoformulated Bumetanide Ameliorates Social Deficiency in BTBR Mice Model of Autism Spectrum Disorder. Frontiers in Immunology, 13. ISSN 1664-3224

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Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder with few medication options. Bumetanide, an FDA-approved diuretic, has been proposed as a viable candidate to treat core symptoms of ASD, however, neither the brain region related to its effect nor the cell-specific mechanism(s) is clear. The availability of nanoparticles provides a viable way to identify pharmacological mechanisms for use in ASD. Here, we found that treatment with bumetanide, in a systemic and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) region-specific way, attenuated social deficits in BTBR mice. Furthermore, using poly (ethylene glycol)-poly(l-lactide) (PEG-PLA) nanoparticles [NP(bumetanide)], we showed that the administration of NP(bumetanide) in a mPFC region-specific way also alleviated the social deficits of BTBR mice. Mechanistically, the behavioral effect of NP(bumetanide) was dependent on selective microglia-specific targeting in the mPFC. Pharmacological depletion of microglia significantly reduced the effect of nanoencapsulation and depletion of microglia alone did not improve the social deficits in BTBR mice. These findings suggest the potential therapeutic capabilities of nanotechnology for ASD, as well as the relevant link between bumetanide and immune cells.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Frontiers in Immunology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2723
Subjects:
ID Code:
171614
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
10 Jun 2022 08:30
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 11:32