Slowing Hot-Electron Relaxation in Mix-Phase Nanowires for Hot-Carrier Photovoltaics

Wang, H. and Wang, F. and Xu, T. and Xia, H. and Xie, R. and Zhou, X. and Ge, X. and Liu, W. and Zhu, Y. and Sun, L. and Guo, J. and Ye, J. and Zubair, M. and Luo, M. and Yu, C. and Sun, D. and Li, T. and Zhuang, Q. and Fu, L. and Hu, W. and Lu, W. (2021) Slowing Hot-Electron Relaxation in Mix-Phase Nanowires for Hot-Carrier Photovoltaics. Nano Letters, 21 (18). pp. 7761-7768. ISSN 1530-6984

[thumbnail of nl-2021-02725g.R2_Proof_hi]
Text (nl-2021-02725g.R2_Proof_hi)
nl_2021_02725g.R2_Proof_hi.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial.

Download (1MB)


Hot carrier harvest could save 30% energy loss in solar cells. So far, however, it is still unreachable as the photoexcited hot carriers are short-lived, ∼1 ps, determined by a rapid relaxation process, thus invalidating any reprocessing efforts. Here, we propose and demonstrate a feasible route to reserve hot electrons for efficient collection. It is accomplished by an intentional mix of cubic zinc-blend and hexagonal wurtzite phases in III-V semiconductor nanowires. Additional energy levels are then generated above the conduction band minimum, capturing and storing hot electrons before they cool down to the band edges. We also show the superiority of core/shell nanowire (radial heterostructure) in extracting hot electrons. The strategy disclosed here may offer a unique opportunity to modulate hot carriers for efficient solar energy harvest.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Nano Letters
Additional Information:
This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Nano Letters, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? shell nanowireselectron relaxationhexagonal wurtzitephotovoltaicsradial heterostructurerapid relaxation processsemiconductor nanowirehot electronsbioengineeringmaterials science(all)chemistry(all)mechanical engineeringcondensed matter physics ??
ID Code:
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
01 Jun 2022 10:30
Last Modified:
07 May 2024 00:24